An overview of teen dating violence and prevention strategies, including state laws. Awareness of Dating Violence (DV), and its consequences for one's . as ours is currently not subject to a full ethics review at our institution. Serious dating violence, defined as physical and/or sexual assault in the . In keeping with ethical and legal guidelines, an institutional review In all 29 instances, issues of risk were addressed without the need to break confidentiality.
Teen Dating Violence
Fourth, many of the studies that have focused on adolescents limited their samples to narrow age groups that do not allow for comparisons between younger and older adolescents. Fifth, methodologies and operational definitions of dating violence have varied widely across studies.
Sixth, few studies have carefully explored the relations between dating violence and mental health outcomes in multivariable models. Using a large, national sample of adolescents ages 12 to 17, the present study attempted to shed light on the population prevalence of serious forms of dating violence in adolescence. Prevalence is determined for each of these three subtypes. In addition, this study attempts to resolve discrepancies in the literature and further our understanding of variables associated with dating violence.
Finally, we examined the relation between dating violence and psychopathology by assessing whether dating violence is associated with PTSD and a major depressive episode MDEcontrolling for key demographic and other relevant variables in multivariable analyses.Teen Dating Violence
The primary goals of the NSA were to identify the population prevalence of major life stressors, such as physical assault, sexual assault, dating violence, and witnessed violence in the home, school, and community; identify the population prevalence of specific mental health disorders known to be associated with exposure to traumatic events; examine risk factors associated with violence exposure and mental health outcomes; and make trend comparisons that examine current population prevalence estimates versus estimates generated by a similar study conducted by our research group in with a nationally representative sample of 4, youths ages 12 to 17 years.
Because dating violence was not assessed in the context of the NSA study, we cannot make trend comparisons. Participants The full sample included a national household probability sample and an oversample of urban-dwelling adolescents. Recruitment of participants began after the study was approved by the institutional review board of the Medical University of South Carolina. During recruitment, 6, households were contacted, which resulted in both a completed parent interview and identification of at least one eligible adolescent.
Of these, 1, Finally, in 1, The remaining 3, cases resulted in completed parent and adolescent interviews. This included 2, adolescents in the national cross-section and an oversample of 1, urban-dwelling adolescents.
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Because adolescents were oversampled in urban areas, cases were weighted to maximize representativeness of the sample to the U. Next, weights were created to adjust the weight of each case based on age and sex. We generated sample frequencies by age cohort and sex and compared this distribution to the U. This procedure resulted in weighted sample distributions that closely approximated U.
Measures Serious Dating Violence Serious dating violence was defined as experiencing one or more of the following types of violence from a dating partner i. DAFR was defined as being the victim of unwanted sex i.
The DAFR module was administered only to female adolescents, whereas the physical assault and sexual assault modules were administered both to male and female participants. Requires education programs to include instruction regarding the prevention of sexual violence in dating and teaching young people how to recognize and respond safely and effectively in situations where sexual or physical violence may be occurring. The law also requires school districts and charter schools to add comprehensive healthy relationships programming as part of the student health classes.
Would require district school boards to adopt and implement a dating violence and abuse policy and provides policy requirements. Also would require the Department of Education to develop a model policy that includes school personnel training.
Local boards may implement such programs at any time and for any grade level local boards find appropriate, and the state board shall encourage the implementation of such programs.
In addition, the state board shall make information regarding such programs available to the Board of Regents of the University System of Georgia.
Provides that the Comprehensive Health Education Program may include instruction on teen dating violence for specified grade levels. These policies are required to clearly state that teen dating violence will not be tolerated, and need to include guidelines for addressing alleged incidents of teen dating violence.
Ethical Implications in Cases Involving Domestic Violence
Requires school districts to adopt a dating violence prevention policy and to include dating violence prevention education within the health education curriculum.
The model policy shall be implemented on or before April 1, Each school district's policy should include a policy for responding to incidents of dating violence and to provide dating violence education to students, parents, staff, faculty and administrators, in order to prevent dating violence and to address incidents involving dating violence.
The FBIon the other hand, uses this definition for rape, updated January 1, Penetration, no matter how slight, of the vagina or anus with any body part or object, or oral penetration by a sex organ of another person, without the consent of the victim prev definition: Though many societies around the world don't tolerate the practice, it still remains outside the law in many countries, or is illegal but widely tolerated or unenforced. To clarify these laws even further, reporting is not necessarily required in all sex crimes cases.
Rather, in most cases, it is only required where there is abuse of a "child" or "vulnerable adult. In cases in which the alleged victim is not a child or vulnerable adult, the victim must decide whether or not to report. As Ravella points out, "there would not be any duty to report legally unless you specifically observe something. Basic legalities aside, however, ethical missteps can also lead to legal ramifications. So in addition to state law, it can also be important to refer to your licensing organization's code of ethics when trying to negotiate your way through such a situation.
Barbara Hull Francis, a former assistant attorney general for the State of Maryland now retiredused to tell her colleagues that, "when we accept a license to practice, we surrender some of our personal values for the values of our profession.
Prevalence and Correlates of Dating Violence in a National Sample of Adolescents
Honing in on ethics, Ravella points out that, with the added layer of perceived abuse, one may not necessarily even be qualified to handle a particular case. She says that practitioners should ask themselves: As such, it is up to the practitioner to decide whether or not the couple's goal is realistic or unrealistic, or whether or not he or she has the ability to handle such a case. She suggests that, in instances where practitioners feel in over their head, they either turn to the help of a supervisor, or refer the couple to someone better equipped to deal with the issue at hand.
Seeking out feedback from professional peers who are able to look at the case objectively can also prove invaluable. Ravella and the other members of the EAC stress that, in cases like these, asking for help is not only okay, but also necessary.
She recommends that therapists clearly explain to the couple exactly what they're capable of and willing to do. Adding to this is the fact that AASECT members come from varying backgrounds and, as such, bring different viewpoints to questions of both clinical technique and ethics.